Rome Transformed - Home


Welcome to the Rome Transformed SCIEDOC website.

Rome Transformed ( aims to develop understanding of the political, military and religious transformations of the Eastern Caelian in Rome in the 1st to 8th centuries CE. Integral to the project’s analytical process are a series of 3D visualisations/provocations of buildings and spaces from across this chronological range.

We term our visualisations ‘provocations’, because while they are backed by robust academic research, they are not regarded as final products, but rather visual prompts in ongoing scholarly exchange. This website provides the platform where the evidence and analysis underpinning the provocations is made available to facilitate transparent discussion. It should be seen therefore, not only as a demonstration of compliance with the fundamental principles of the London Charter for the computer-based visualisation of cultural heritage (, but also as an invitation to colleagues to participate in discussion. The site is organised in a way that allows colleagues to view, endorse, qualify or challenge any aspect of any of the provocations.

The Rome Transformed SCIEDOC has been developed and adapted in agreement from the original version of the ‘Scientific Documentation for Decisions. The Reconstruction Argumentation Method’ - SCIEDOC (, designed by Dr.-Ing. Marc Grellert and Dr.-Ing Mieke Pfarr-Harfst, of the Technische Universität Darmstadt. Members of the Rome Transformed Team would like to thank their Darmstadt colleagues for their unfailing generosity and support.

Rome Transformed has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under H2020-EU.1.1., the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant agreement No.: 835271).


We term our visualisations “provocations”, because while they are digitally rebuilt with software that ensures that they are structurally viable and represent the team members’ best efforts to understand the data, we stress that visualisations of ancient buildings and landscapes can never be absolutely accurate. The models are generated to provoke a response, to facilitate challenge from colleagues on any point of detail or underpinning assumption. We believe that the discipline of producing the best models we can helps us to test interpretations. Accordingly, these visualisations should not be regarded as definitive or final products, but rather advanced visual prompts to advance the testing of hypotheses.

Rome Transformed SCIEDOC is the tool that enables us to share our “provocations” with colleagues, engaging them in a transparent debate on each “provocation” modelling process.

To explore our provocations and engage with the debate, please click on one of the provocations or use the links below.

The most recently updated provocations are listed below.